WHITE, Clarence Hudson

b. 8 April 1871; d. 7 July 1925

An American, Clarence White began his career as a book-keeper, but a few years later took up photography. His work was highly praised by Stieglitz, and was printed in various editions of Camera Work. In 1902 he became a co-founder of the Photo-Secession group, and in 1907 became a teacher of Photography at Teachers' College, Columbia University, a post he occupied until his death. Together with Gertrude Kasebier he founded the Pictorial Photographers of America, an organization that continues to exist today.

Clarence White's portraits and landscapes showing a particular interest in chiaoscuro (the technique of representing three dimensions by carefully using light and shadow). None of his pictures have heavy shadows or dark tones; he specialised in light, delicate pictures.

White was one of the photographers promoted by Stieglitz as the 'Photo-Secession', exhibiting his work in their exhibitions and publishing it in Camera Work - including a whole issue in 1908. His pictures are characterised by his use of light, often creating a virtual glow from the highlights. He experimented widely with printing processes, including platinum and gum bichromate.

Shown here is "The Orchard", made in 1905. Many of his pictures are platinum prints, though some also were made using the gum bichromate process.

© Robert Leggat, 1999.

For other pictures see here.